callery pear
Pyrus calleryana

Secondary Names:
ornamental pear

Leaf Type: Deciduous
Texas Native:
Tree Description:

A common small landscape tree to 20 feet tall and a trunk to 10" in diameter, with a dense, oval, symmetrical crown. Common cultivars are 'Bradford' and 'Aristocrat.'

Range/Site Description:

Native to China and Korea, pear cultivars are widely planted in Texas, especially in small spaces and on commercial development sites due to its price, availability, and tolerance of a wide range of soils and conditions, including drought.


Simple, alternate, ovate to vaguely heart-shaped, 2" to 4" long, with a faintly-toothed, undulating leaf edge. Leaves are dark green and glossy during the growing season, turning brilliant colors of orange, red, and purple ('Bradford') or yellow ('Aristocrat') in the fall.


Showy clusters of perfect, white flowers, each five-petaled and 0.5" across, appear before the leaves in early spring.


A round, hard pear, about 0.33" to 0.5" in diameter, tan in color and persistent.


Thin, brown, smooth, and shiny on young trees, developing gray-black, ridged-and-furrowed bark on older trunks. No thorns.


Sold in the nursery trade for landscape plantings.

Similar Species:

Crabapple varieties (Malus spp.) are often planted for wildlife and landscape value

Interesting Facts:

Sometimes escapes into wild or unmaintained areas; invasive in some states.

Back   Print results