bigtooth maple
Acer grandidentatum

Secondary Names:
canyon maple, Uvalde bigtooth maple

Leaf Type: Deciduous
Texas Native:
Tree Description:

A small tree to 50 feet with a dense, oval crown and a trunk up to 10" to 12" in diameter. Usually found near streams or seeps.

Range/Site Description:

Shaded canyons in the Texas Hill Country, the Edwards Plateau, and the mountains of the Trans-Pecos.


Simple, opposite leaves have 3 to 5 lobes and blades measuring 2" to 5" long and wide. Petioles 1" to 2" long. Main sinuses between lobes are distinctly rounded.


Yellowish-green, appearing in the axils between leaf and stem.


A double samara, or maple "key," appearing in early fall, each half about 1" long.


Thin, gray colored, and tight on young trees; breaking into broad plates on older trees.


Sap can be collected to make a coarse sugar.

Similar Species:

Some botanists describe a 'Uvalde' variety of the species with three lobes and margins without teeth.

Interesting Facts:

Brilliant fall color can best be seen at Lost Maples State Park near Vanderpool, or in McKittrick Canyon of Guadalupe Mountains National Park.

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