Texas ash
Fraxinus texensis

Secondary Names:
mountain ash


Leaf Type: Deciduous
Texas Native:
Firewise:
ash_texas150.jpg
Tree Description:

A medium-sized tree to 45 feet tall and a trunk to 2 feet in diameter, with an oval crown.

Range/Site Description:

From the Dallas area to Central Texas and west to the Edwards Plateau, on rocky limestone hillsides, bluffs, and ridges.

Leaf:

Opposite, compound, 5" to 8" long, with 5 oval or round leaflets arranged pinnately; leaflets are long-stalked and 1" to 3" long. Leaf color is dark green on top, much lighter below, usually turning brown in early fall.

Flower:

Male and female flowers borne on separate trees. Female flowers in loose clusters appearing with the new leaves; male flowers appear as dark, purplish clusters near the end of the twigs, often before the leaves.

Fruit:

A slender, pointed seed enclosed by a flattened wing, or samara, about 1" long and up to 0.25" wide; fruits are borne in loose clusters connected by short stalks.

Bark:

Gray, with brown or black blotches, furrowed, with the interlocking flattened ridges common to the ashes on older trunks.

Wood:

Wood is light colored, with brown heartwood, and has been used for firewood and flooring.

Similar Species:

Carolina ash (Fraxinus caroliniana) is confined to wet areas and streambanks in East Texas; Gregg ash (F. greggii) has small leaves and is found only in riparian areas of far West Texas.

Interesting Facts:

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