Brazilian bluewood
Condalia hookeri

Secondary Names:
bluewood condalia, brasil

Leaf Type: Evergreen
Texas Native:
Tree Description:

A small tree or large thorny shrub, often forming thickets, to 25 feet tall and a trunk to 8" in diameter, with a rounded crown. Light green foliage distinguishes it from other brush species.

Range/Site Description:

Sandy soils in South Texas brush country and along the coastal plain, ranging as far north as Travis County and east to Matagorda County.


Simple, alternate, 0.5" to 1" long, obovate, thin, light green and glossy, evergreen; leaf edge smooth, tip indented. Branchlets often end as a sharp thorn 1" long.


Small, greenish, inconspicuous.


A round, black, berry-like drupe, about 0.25" across, appearing sporadically throughout the summer. Favored by wildlife and edible by humans.


Green on young twigs, turning brown or gray; older bark dark brown, scaly, breaking into narrow, rough ridges and furrows.


Wood is heavy, hard and used for firewood; fruit is used to make jelly.

Similar Species:

Texas persimmon (Diospyros texana) has leathery leaves 1" to 2" long and no thorns.

Interesting Facts:

Bark and wood reportedly yield a blue dye.

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